Field experience and evaluation of the South Pars sea line pigging, based on dynamic simulations
Mehdi Davoudi, Yashar Heidari, Seied Ali Akbar Mansoori
Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering 18, 210-218, 2014
Multi-phase flow is experienced in many instances of the oil and gas industry. There is multi-phase flow in the sea lines, transferring the production from the South Pars offshore platforms to the receiving onshore facilities. By pigging at frequent intervals, liquid inventory buildup in a sea pipeline and the maximum slug size can be reduced. Uncontrolled speed of a pig can cause to large liquid slugging formation and bursting of pipeline due to pig stuck. In June 2008 the slug catcher levels increased unexpectedly to 100–105%. The main objective of this study is composed of calculation for liquid holdup, pig velocity, amount of slug during pigging operation and the influence of the production flow rate during the pigging of South Pars sea lines that is located in south of Iran. Besides the slug catcher liquid level, some parameters such as liquid bottle level were measured during pigging time process. The comparison between the actual and simulated sea line glycol holdup, travel time for the pig, sea line inlet pressure and the liquid slug volume has been done in this work. The difference between the actual and simulated travel time for the pig was 0.7 and 1.3 h for 600 and 300 million standard cubic feet per day (MMSCFD) of the gas flow rate. The absolute average relative errors of condensate and water slug volume are 5.6% and 9.1% respectively, which are very satisfactory. The results showed that the optimum gas flow should be around 500 MMSCFD to handle the slug volume and running the pigs is most effective at a near constant speed.
Experimental Study of Sea Line Pigging in Unsteady State Two-Phase Flow
Mehdi Davoudi, Zahra Khorrami, Iraj Khoramdel
SPE Oil and Gas India Conference and Exhibition, 2012
The main objective of this study is to thoroughly investigate and comparing empirical and simulation results for two-phase flow during the pigging in hilly-terrain pipelines to calculate the amount of slug versus pig velocity. The high slug volume was received in slug catcher after pigging operation of sea lines related to phases 4 and 5 gas plant located in south pars gas field, south of Iran, caused liquid carry over to down stream units and total plant shut down. Beside of liquid level in slug catcher, some parameters such as liquid bottle level, and slug catcher pressure were measured during pigging time process. The results showed that during pigging process, the liquid slug volume was increased from 2100 (m 3) to 4100 (m 3) by decreasing the gas flow rate from 700 (ton/hr) down to 400 (ton/hr) during pigging operation. The experimental data were compared with the results of mathematical modeling of process by using SPS dynamic simulation software. The relative errors between experimental data and mathematical modeling of the process were 23.8% and 9.1% for gas flow rates of 700 (ton/hr) and 400 (ton/hr), respectively